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Language and Humanity

璇█鍜屼汉绫
Good morning, everyone.
澶у鏃╀笂濂姐
In today's lecture, we're going to discuss the relationship between language and humanity. As we all know, language is very powerful.
内蒙快三合值走势图—官方网址22270.COM鍦ㄤ粖澶╃殑璇句笂锛屾垜浠皢璁ㄨ璇█鍜屼汉绫讳箣闂寸殑鍏崇郴銆備紬鎵鍛ㄧ煡锛岃瑷鏄潪甯稿己澶х殑銆
It allows you to put a thought from your mind directly in someone else's mind.
瀹冪绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-浠ヨ浣犳妸浣犵殑鎯虫硶鐩存帴鏀惧湪鍒汉鐨勫ぇ鑴戦噷銆
Languages are like genes talking, getting things they want.
内蒙快三合值走势图—官方网址22270.COM璇█灏卞儚浼氳璇濈殑鍩哄洜锛屽緱鍒颁粬浠兂瑕佺殑涓滆タ銆
And you just imagine the sense of wonder in a baby when it first discovers that, merely by uttering a sound, it can get objects to move across a room as if by magic, and maybe even into its mouth.
浣犵绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-浠ユ兂璞★紝褰撲竴涓┐鍎跨涓娆″彂鐜帮紝浠呬粎閫氳繃鍙戝嚭涓涓0闊筹紝瀹冨氨鑳借鐗╀綋鍍忎腑浜嗛瓟娉曚竴鏍峰湪鎴块棿閲岀Щ鍔紝鐢氳嚦绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳借繘鍏ュ畠鐨勫槾閲屻
Now we need to explain how and why this remarkable trait, you know, human's ability to do things with language, has evolved, and why did this trait evolve only in our species?
鐜板湪鎴戜滑闇瑕佽В閲婅繖涓樉钁楃殑鐗瑰緛锛屼篃灏辨槸浜虹被鐢ㄨ瑷鍋氫簨鐨勮兘鍔涳紝鏄浣曡繘鍖栫殑锛屼负浠涔堣繘鍖栵紝涓轰粈涔堣繖涓壒寰佸彧鍦ㄦ垜浠汉绫昏韩涓婅繘鍖栵紵
In order to get an answer to the question, we have to go to tool use in the chimpanzees.
涓轰簡寰楀埌杩欎釜闂鐨勭瓟妗堬紝鎴戜滑蹇呴』鐮旂┒榛戠尒鐚╃殑宸ュ叿浣跨敤銆
Chimpanzees can use tools, and we take that phenomenon as a sign of their intelligence.
榛戠尒鐚╃绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-浠ヤ娇鐢ㄥ伐鍏凤紝鎴戜滑鎶婅繖绉嶇幇璞′綔涓哄畠浠櫤鍔涚殑鏍囧織銆
But if they really were intelligent, why would they crack open nuts with a rock?
浣嗗鏋滀粬浠湡鐨勮仾鏄庯紝浠栦滑涓轰粈涔堣鐢ㄧ煶澶寸牳寮鍧氭灉鍛紵
Why wouldn't they just go to a shop and buy a bag of nuts that somebody else had already cracked open for them?
浠栦滑涓轰粈涔堜笉鍘诲晢搴椾拱涓琚嬪埆浜哄凡缁忔墦寮鐨勫潥鏋滃憿锛
Why not? I mean, that's what we do.
涓轰粈涔堜笉鍛紵鎴戞槸璇达紝鎴戜滑灏辨槸杩欎箞鍋氱殑銆

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
remarkable [ri'mɑ:kəbl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鏄捐憲鐨勶紝寮傚父鐨勶紝闈炲嚒鐨勶紝鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
crack [kræk]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 宕╂簝锛屽け鍘绘帶鍒讹紝鍘嬬锛屼娇瑁傚紑锛岀牬瑙o紝寮鐜╃瑧

鑱旀兂璁板繂
humanity [hju:'mæniti]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 浜虹被锛屼汉鎬э紝浜洪亾锛屾厛鐖憋紝(澶)浜烘枃瀛︾

 
intelligent [in'telidʒənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鑱槑鐨勶紝鏅鸿兘鐨

 
phenomenon [fi'nɔminən]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鐜拌薄锛岃抗璞★紝(绋鏈)浜嬩欢

鑱旀兂璁板繂
trait [treit]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鐗圭偣锛岀壒寰侊紝鐗规э紝涓绗旓紝灏戦噺

 
intelligence [in'telidʒəns]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鐞嗚В鍔涳紝鏅哄姏
n. 鎯呮姤锛屾儏鎶ュ伐浣滐紝鎯呮姤

鑱旀兂璁板繂
merely ['miəli]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adv. 浠呬粎锛屽彧涓嶈繃

 
evolve [i'vɔlv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 杩涘睍锛岃繘鍖栵紝灞曞紑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
species ['spi:ʃiz]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 锛堝崟澶嶅悓锛夌墿绉嶏紝绉嶇被

 

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