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鏉ユ簮:绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫 缂栬緫:max 锘  VIP鍏嶈垂澶栨暀璇曞惉璇 |  绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊:ikekenet

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Fifty years ago, Sarnoff Mednick defined the process of creative thinking as "the forming of associative elements into new combinations which either meet specific requirements or are in some way useful. The more mutually remote the elements of the new combination, the more creative the process or solution." Mednick argued that creative people have flat associative hierarchies: they are better able to access distant, remote associations. For example, when given the concept "table," Mednick predicted that creative people would be more likely to retrieve more remote associations such as "leg" or "food." In contrast, Mednick argued that less creative thinkers have a steep associative hierarchy, in which words with a higher associative strength (e.g., chair) would be more likely to enter their minds:

天天中彩票快三—官方网址22270.COM鈥擲AT瀹樻柟姣忔棩涓棰橀檮绛旀鍜岃В鏋怺闃呰](2019骞10鏈31鏃)

One tool that has been used recently to look at creative cognition is Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), an objective scoring method where you can derive a measure of semantic distance. With LSA, you can quantify the similarity between words or texts based on statistical analyses of the responses of a large population.

Using this technique, Ranjani Prabhakaran, Adam Green, and Jeremy Gray found that "thin slices" of verbal behavior (single-word utterances) predicted creative cognition. In their "verb generation" task, a noun was presented every few seconds, and the participant was instructed to say the first verb that came to mind in response to the noun. The researchers analyzed the semantic distance of the responses using LSA.

They found that the greater the semantic distance of the noun-verb pairs, the higher the levels of creative cognition, story-writing ability, openness to experience, and creative achievement. Interestingly, they also found a relationship between semantic distance and traditional measures of "convergent thinking," such as IQ and working memory. This suggests that creative thinking doesn鈥檛 just involve combining distant associations, but also requires consciously accessing the associations.

It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that, compared to a person with a flat associative hierarchy, a person with a steep associative hierarchy would be more likely to __________

A.adjust quickly to unfamiliar situations.
B.demonstrate skill in narrative writing.
C.struggle to recall information.
D.become fluent in multiple languages.

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
openness ['əupənnis]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍏紑锛涘闃旓紱鐜囩湡

 
population [.pɔpju'leiʃən]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 浜哄彛 锛(鍏ㄤ綋)灞呮皯锛屼汉鏁

鑱旀兂璁板繂
specific [spi'sifik]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鐗规畩鐨勶紝鏄庣‘鐨勶紝鍏锋湁鐗规晥鐨
n. 鐗

鑱旀兂璁板繂
participant [pɑ:'tisipənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍙備笌鑰

鑱旀兂璁板繂
analysis [ə'næləsis]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍒嗘瀽锛岃В鏋

鑱旀兂璁板繂
certain ['sə:tn]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 纭畾鐨勶紝蹇呯劧鐨勶紝鐗瑰畾鐨
pron.

 
technique [tek'ni:k]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鎶鏈紝鎶宸э紝鎶鑳

 
defined [di'faind]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鏈夊畾涔夌殑锛岀‘瀹氱殑锛涙竻鏅扮殑锛岃疆寤撳垎鏄庣殑 v. 浣

 
steep [sti:p]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 闄″抄鐨勶紝闄╁郴鐨勶紝锛堜环鏍硷級杩囬珮鐨
n.

鑱旀兂璁板繂
measure ['meʒə]

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n. 鎺柦锛屽姙娉曪紝閲忓害锛屽昂瀵
v. 娴嬮噺锛岄噺

鑱旀兂璁板繂

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