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Babbel, which makes a popular language- learning app, has collected a host of climate-related neologisms from European languages. Flygskam is perhaps the most likely to be permanently adopted into English: 鈥渇light-shame鈥, from Swedish, was popularised by Ms Thunberg鈥檚 rise. It also has a nifty corollary: tagskryt, or 鈥渢rain-boasting鈥, from those who advertise their flygskam by taking ground transport and letting the world know. (Dutch has an equivalent: treintrots.)

Babbel鏄竴娆鹃鍙楁杩庣殑璇█瀛︿範搴旂敤绋嬪簭锛屽畠浠庢娲茶瑷涓敹闆嗕簡澶ч噺涓庢皵鍊欑浉鍏崇殑鏂拌瘝銆中福快三彩票平台—官方网址22270.COMFlygskam绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳芥槸鑻辫涓渶绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳借姘镐箙閲囩敤鐨勫崟璇:鈥渇light-shame锛堟惌鏈虹緸缇炶劯锛夆濓紝婧愪簬鐟炲吀璇紝闅忕潃妗戜集鏍肩殑褰卞搷鎵╁ぇ鑰屾祦琛岃捣鏉ャ傚畠杩樻湁涓涓繌鐨殑鎺ㄦ紨璇: tagskryt, 鑻辫涓衡渢rain-boasting锛堣窇鐏溅锛夆濓紝鏉ヨ嚜閭d簺閫氳繃涔樺潗鍦伴潰浜ら氬伐鍏枫佽鍏ㄤ笘鐣岄兘鐭ラ亾浠栦滑椋炶琛ㄦ紨鐨勪汉銆傦紙鑽峰叞璇湁涓涓被浼肩殑璇:treintrots銆傦級

Climate-speak2.jpg

The march of the climate-protest movement has led to the coining of disparaging terms by its critics. Italian, for example, has gretini: allegedly mindless followers of Ms Thunberg (-ini is a diminutive suffix, and the word echoes cretini, or 鈥渋diots鈥). The Danish Language Council and Denmark鈥檚 national broadcaster jointnot ly chose a similar term as their Word of the Year for 2019: klimatosse, or 鈥渃limate fool鈥, used dismissively by Pia Kjaersgaard, a right-wing Danish politician, to explain her party鈥檚 poor election performance. Being Danish, she hastened to add that her party is itself concerned about the climate, but that the klimatosser who voted for other parties apparently care about nothing else.

鎶楄姘斿欏彉鍖栬繍鍔ㄧ殑杩涜寮曡捣浜嗘壒璇勮呬滑鐨勮交钄戣█杈炪備緥濡傦紝鎰忓ぇ鍒╄涓氨鏈塯retini锛氭嵁璇存槸妗戜集鏍煎コ澹殑鐩茬洰杩介殢鑰(-ini鏄竴涓皬鍚庣紑锛屼笌cretini杩欎釜璇嶇浉鍛煎簲锛岃嫳璇槸鈥渋diots锛堢櫧鐥达級鈥濄備腹楹﹁瑷濮斿憳浼氬拰涓归害鍥藉骞挎挱鍏徃閫夋嫨浜嗕竴涓被浼肩殑璇嶄綔涓轰粬浠2019骞寸殑骞村害璇嶆眹锛歬limatosse锛岃嫳璇负鈥渃limate fool锛堟皵鍊欏偦鐡滐級鈥濓紝涓归害鍙崇考鏀挎不瀹剁毊濞⋅鍏嬩簹鏂珮瀵瑰ス鐨勬斂鍏氬湪閫変妇涓殑绯熺硶琛ㄧ幇涓嶅睉涓椤俱中福快三彩票平台—官方网址22270.COM浣滀负涓归害浜猴紝濂规ュ繖琛ュ厖璇达紝濂圭殑鏀垮厷鏈韩灏卞叧蹇冩皵鍊欙紝浣嗘槸鎶曠エ缁欏叾浠栨斂鍏氱殑鈥渒limatosser锛堟皵鍊欏偦鐡滐級鈥濇樉鐒朵笉鍏冲績鍏朵粬浜嬫儏銆
Compared with its European cousins, English has not been creative. Oxford Dictionaries declared its word of the year to be 鈥渃limate emergency鈥. Collins, another dictionary-publisher, nominated the slightly more imaginative 鈥渃limate strike鈥, originally coined to denote the schooldays that climate activists such as Ms Thunberg began skipping as a protest. (Klimaatspijbelaar, 鈥渃limate-school skipper鈥, was number three in Van Dale鈥檚 Dutch vote.)
涓庢娲茬殑鍚岀被璇█鐩告瘮锛岃嫳璇己涔忓垱閫犳с傜墰娲ヨ瘝鍏稿皢鍏跺勾搴﹁瘝姹囧畾涓衡渃limate emergency锛堟皵鍊欑揣鎬ヤ簨浠讹級鈥濄傚彟涓瀹惰瘝鍏稿嚭鐗堝晢鏌灄鏂彁鍚嶄簡绋嶅井鏇村瘜鎯宠薄鍔涚殑鈥渃limate strike锛堟皵鍊欑舰宸ワ級鈥濓紝杩欎釜璇嶆渶鍒濇槸鐢ㄦ潵琛ㄧず瀛︾敓鏃朵唬鐨勶紝閭f椂鍍忔浼牸濂冲+杩欐牱鐨勬皵鍊欐椿鍔ㄤ汉澹紑濮嬮冭浠ョず鎶楄銆傦紙Klimaatspijbelaar, 鈥渃limate-school skipper锛堟皵鍊欑舰璇捐咃級鈥濆湪鑼冭揪鎷夊嚭鐗堢ぞ鐨勮嵎鍏版姇绁ㄤ腑鍚嶅垪绗笁銆傦級
Words of the year are a way for lexicographical types to grab a rare slice of the spotlight, boost interest in language and have a bit of fun. All the same, the pessimistic trajectory of the outcomes suggests a darkening global mood. The American Dialect Society will vote for its word of 2019 at its annual meeting in New Orleans in January. Its previous three choices were 鈥渢ender-age shelter鈥 (a euphemism for places where America鈥檚 border forces keep children separated from their parents), 鈥渇ake news鈥 (often, these days, meaning real news that powerful people would like to dismiss) and 鈥渄umpster fire鈥. Whether or not it picks a climatic word as an emblem of the bygone year, it is hard to see the society choosing anything upbeat.
骞村害璇嶆眹鏄瘝鍏哥紪绾傝呮姄浣忓皯鏁板叧娉ㄧ劍鐐广佹彁楂樺璇█鐨勫叴瓒e拰鑾峰緱涔愯叮鐨勪竴绉嶆柟寮忋傚敖绠″姝わ紝杩欎簺缁撴灉鐨勬偛瑙傝建杩硅〃鏄庯紝鍏ㄧ悆鎯呯华姝f棩鐩婁綆杩枫中福快三彩票平台—官方网址22270.COM缇庡浗鏂硅█瀛︿細灏嗕簬鏄庡勾1鏈堝湪鏂板ゥ灏旇壇涓捐鐨勫勾浼氫笂鎶曠エ閫夊嚭2019骞寸殑骞村害璇嶆眹銆傚畠涔嬪墠鐨勪笁涓夋嫨鏄渢ender-age shelter锛堝効绔ュ簢鎶ゆ墍锛夆(缇庡浗杈瑰閮ㄩ槦灏嗗効绔ヤ笌鐖舵瘝鍒嗗紑鐨勫湴鏂圭殑濮斿〾璇存硶)锛屸渇ake new锛堝亣鏂伴椈锛夆(濡備粖閫氬父鎸囩殑鏄湁鏉冨娍鐨勪汉鎯宠蹇借鐨勭湡瀹炴柊闂)鍜屸渄umpster fire锛堝瀮鍦剧鐏伨锛夆濄中福快三彩票平台—官方网址22270.COM涓嶇瀹冩槸鍚﹂夋嫨涓涓皵鍊欒瘝姹囦綔涓鸿繃鍘讳竴骞寸殑璞″緛锛屾垜浠兘寰堥毦鐪嬪埌杩欎釜绀句細閫夋嫨浠讳綍涔愯鐨勮瘝姹囥
Perhaps Dictionary.com captured the feeling best with its word of the year for 2019. Neither new nor fancy, it was foreboding nonetheless: 鈥渆xistential鈥.
涔熻Dictionary.com鐢2019骞村勾搴﹁瘝姹囨崟鎹夊埌浜嗚繖绉嶆劅瑙夈傚畠鏃笉鏂伴矞锛屼篃涓嶆柊濂囷紝浣嗗畠鏄竴绉嶉鍏:鈥渆xistential锛堝瓨鍦ㄤ富涔夛級鈥濄

璇戞枃鐢辩绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鍘熷垱锛屼粎渚涘涔犱氦娴佷娇鐢紝鏈粡璁哥绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-璇峰嬁杞浇銆

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
existential [.egzis'tenʃəl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鏈夊叧瀛樺湪鐨勶紝鏍规嵁缁忛獙鐨

 
popular ['pɔpjulə]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 娴佽鐨勶紝澶т紬鐨勶紝閫氫織鐨勶紝鍙楁杩庣殑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
creative [kri'eitiv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍒涢犳х殑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
advertise ['ædvətaiz]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 鐧诲箍鍛婏紝涓 ... 鍋氬箍鍛婏紝瀹d紶

鑱旀兂璁板繂
border ['bɔ:də]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 杈圭晫锛岃竟澧冿紝杈圭紭
vt. 涓 ... 鎺

 
shelter ['ʃeltə]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 搴囨姢鎵锛岄伩闅炬墍锛屽簢鎶
v. 搴囨姢锛屼繚鎶わ紝

鑱旀兂璁板繂
slice [slais]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 钖勭墖锛屽垏鐗
vt. 鍒囨垚钖勭墖锛屽墛

 
slightly ['slaitli]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adv. 浜涘井鍦帮紝鑻楁潯鍦

 
global ['gləubəl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍏ㄧ悆鎬х殑锛屽叏涓栫晫鐨勶紝鐞冪姸鐨勶紝鍏ㄥ眬鐨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
movement ['mu:vmənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 娲诲姩锛岃繍鍔紝绉诲姩锛孾闊砞涔愮珷

鑱旀兂璁板繂

鍏抽敭瀛楋細 缁忔祹瀛︿汉 璇█ 姘斿

鍙戝竷璇勮鎴戞潵璇2鍙

    鏈鏂版枃绔

    绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫瀹樻柟寰俊(寰俊鍙:ikekenet)

    姣忓ぉ鍚戝ぇ瀹舵帹閫佺煭灏忕簿鎮嶇殑鑻辫瀛︿範璧勬枡.

    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡1.鎵弿涓婃柟绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊浜岀淮鐮併
    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡2.鎼滅储寰俊鍙ikekenet娣诲姞鍗崇绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-銆