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Revision of Essay Drafts

鏂囩珷鑽夌ǹ鐨勪慨鏀

Good morning everyone. In today's lecture, I'm going to talk about how to revise essay drafts and give you some tips as well. The initial revision should, of course, focus on the essay as a whole.

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You'd ask yourself: do I reach my writing objective? Does my essay directly answer the question? Is my main idea clear? In order to answer these questions, what you need to do first is to revise for content. The typical rough draft may have too little and too much content all at the same time. It will have touched the surface of some portions of the essay without providing adequate explanation or convincing detail. At the same time, it may have discussed things that do not contribute significantly to your major points.
浣犱細闂嚜宸憋細鎴戞槸鍚﹁揪鍒颁簡鍐欎綔鐩爣锛熸垜鐨勬枃绔犳槸鍚︾洿鎺ュ洖绛斾簡杩欎釜闂锛熸垜鐨勪腑蹇冩濇兂娓呮鍚楋紵涓轰簡鍥炵瓟杩欎簺闂锛屼綘棣栧厛闇瑕佸仛鐨勬槸淇敼鍐呭銆微信群快三外围—官方网址22270.COM鑽夌ǹ涓瓨鍦ㄧ殑鍏稿瀷闂鏄绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳藉悓鏃跺寘鍚お灏戝拰澶鐨勫唴瀹广傚畠绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳藉湪涓浜涢儴鍒嗘硾娉涜岃皥锛屾病鏈夋彁渚涘厖鍒嗙殑瑙i噴鍜屼护浜轰俊鏈嶇殑缁嗚妭銆傚悓鏃讹紝瀹冧篃绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳借皥璁轰簡澶鍜屼富棰樻棤鍏崇殑淇℃伅銆
So, what is a good essay then? A good essay eliminates irrelevant material while includes all the information necessary to your main point. Your reader needs sufficient evidence to accept what you are saying. So, you have to make sure you have adequately developed and supported your main idea. Content that is unrelated to the main idea should be eliminated.
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Then, what is the second step in revision? That is revise for organization. A well-organized essay will group similar ideas together and put them in the proper order. If you find it easy to produce an outline from your draft, this means that there is a clear logic to the flow of the content. And you can be reasonably certain that you have a well-ordered essay; otherwise, reorder your content.
閭d箞锛屼慨鏀圭殑绗簩姝ユ槸浠涔堝憿锛熼偅灏辨槸淇敼缁撴瀯銆備竴绡囨潯鐞嗘竻鏅扮殑鏂囩珷浼氭妸鐩镐技鐨勮鐐圭粍缁囧湪涓璧凤紝骞舵寜閫傚綋鐨勯『搴忔帓鍒椼傚鏋滀綘鍙戠幇浠庝綘鐨勮崏绋夸腑寰堝鏄撳垪鍑哄ぇ绾诧紝杩欐剰鍛崇潃浣犵殑鏂囩珷鍐呭閫昏緫娓呮櫚銆備綘绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-浠ュ緢纭畾浣犵殑鏂囩珷甯冨眬鑹ソ锛屽惁鍒欙紝灏辫閲嶆柊甯冨眬浣犵殑鏂囩珷浜嗐

The third step you are advised to take is to revise for length. Is your essay approximately the right length? If it is substantially longer than the stated limit, you have to consider reducing the supporting material. But even if there's no stated limit, or you are allowed to write as long as you like, please adhere to a self-imposed limit.

绗笁姝ワ紝鎴戝缓璁綘淇敼鏂囩珷鐨勯暱搴︺備綘鐨勬枃绔犻暱搴﹀悎閫傚悧锛熷鏋滃畠姣旇姹傜殑闀垮害瓒呭嚭寰堝锛屼綘闇瑕佽冭檻鍑忓皯杈呭姪鍐呭銆備絾鏄紝鍗充娇娌℃湁鏄庣‘鐨勯檺鍒讹紝鎴栬呬綘绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-浠ラ殢鎰忎功鍐欙紝涔熻鍧氭寔鑷垜璁鹃檺銆
And unless addressing a topic that needs lengthy explanation, stick to it. The steps I have mentioned so far actually refer to revision of an essay as a whole. The next step is to revise for components of the essay including the paragraphs, sentences, and individual words. You may ask: how am I going to revise paragraphs? Well, I'd say a paragraph is not arbitrarily formed. It should revolve around an idea, a theme. Let me tell you one way to revise paragraphs: isolate a paragraph at a time, and make sure it runs smoothly and is not merely a bunch of unrelated statements put together. As for revision of sentences and words, most essay writers pile on one long sentence after another.
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Well, I'd suggest you avoid this by breaking up some of the longer sentences to provide variety. Use short sentences to make important points, and long sentences to explain complex ideas. Also try to use a variety of sentence structures to maintain reader interest. Eliminate sentences that sound awkward when read aloud. For diction, a very important tip is to eliminate imprecise or wordy language. For example, use although instead of despite the fact that; try to add vigor to your writing by removing cliches, and use fresh and interesting descriptions. Try to write as much as possible with nouns and verbs than primarily with adjectives that slow the pace and reduce impact. Similarly, right in the active, not the passive voice.
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Now let me just repeat what I have said today. Revision is important. When you revise your draft as a whole, pay attention to content, organization and length. But don't forget to revise your essay in detail. Revision of sentences and words can also make the essay more interesting to readers.
鐜板湪璁╂垜澶嶈堪涓涓嬩粖澶╂墍璁茬殑鍐呭銆備慨鏀瑰緢閲嶈銆傚綋浣犱互涓涓暣浣撴潵淇敼鑽夌ǹ鏃讹紝娉ㄦ剰鍐呭銆佺粨鏋勫拰绡囧箙銆備絾鍒繕浜嗕慨鏀逛綘鏂囩珷鐨勭粏鑺傘備慨鏀瑰彞瀛愬拰鍗曡瘝涔熻兘浣挎枃绔犲璇昏呮潵璇村彉寰楁洿鍔犳湁瓒c

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
irrelevant [i'relivənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 涓嶆伆褰撶殑锛屾棤鍏崇郴鐨勶紝涓嶇浉骞茬殑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
revolve [ri'vɔlv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 鏃嬭浆锛岃冭檻锛屽惊鐜

鑱旀兂璁板繂
evidence ['evidəns]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鏍规嵁锛岃瘉鎹
v. 璇佸疄锛岃瘉鏄

鑱旀兂璁板繂
outline ['əutlain]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 杞粨锛屽ぇ绾
vt. 姒傝堪锛岀敾鍑鸿疆寤

鑱旀兂璁板繂
adhere [əd'hiə]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vi. 鍧氬畧浜庯紝瀵 ... 蹇犺礊锛岀揣鎶撶潃锛岄伒瀹

鑱旀兂璁板繂
revise [ri'vaiz]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鏍¤锛屼慨姝o紝鍐嶆牎绋
v. 鏍¤锛屼慨姝o紝鏍

鑱旀兂璁板繂
smoothly [smu:ðli]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adv. 骞虫粦鍦帮紝娴佺晠鍦

 
theme [θi:m]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 棰樼洰锛屼富棰

 
variety [və'raiəti]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 澶氭牱锛岀绫伙紝鏉傝

 
lengthy ['leŋθi]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍐楅暱鐨勶紝婕暱鐨

鑱旀兂璁板繂

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    绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫瀹樻柟寰俊(寰俊鍙:ikekenet)

    姣忓ぉ鍚戝ぇ瀹舵帹閫佺煭灏忕簿鎮嶇殑鑻辫瀛︿範璧勬枡.

    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡1.鎵弿涓婃柟绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊浜岀淮鐮併
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