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Revision of Essay Drafts


Good morning everyone. In today's lecture, I'm going to talk about how to revise essay drafts and give you some tips as well. The initial revision should, of course, focus on the essay as a whole.

You'd ask yourself: do I reach my writing objective? Does my essay directly answer the question? Is my main idea clear? In order to answer these questions, what you need to do first is to revise for content. The typical rough draft may have too little and too much content all at the same time. It will have touched the surface of some portions of the essay without providing adequate explanation or convincing detail. At the same time, it may have discussed things that do not contribute significantly to your major points.
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So, what is a good essay then? A good essay eliminates irrelevant material while includes all the information necessary to your main point. Your reader needs sufficient evidence to accept what you are saying. So, you have to make sure you have adequately developed and supported your main idea. Content that is unrelated to the main idea should be eliminated.
Then, what is the second step in revision? That is revise for organization. A well-organized essay will group similar ideas together and put them in the proper order. If you find it easy to produce an outline from your draft, this means that there is a clear logic to the flow of the content. And you can be reasonably certain that you have a well-ordered essay; otherwise, reorder your content.
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The third step you are advised to take is to revise for length. Is your essay approximately the right length? If it is substantially longer than the stated limit, you have to consider reducing the supporting material. But even if there's no stated limit, or you are allowed to write as long as you like, please adhere to a self-imposed limit.

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And unless addressing a topic that needs lengthy explanation, stick to it. The steps I have mentioned so far actually refer to revision of an essay as a whole. The next step is to revise for components of the essay including the paragraphs, sentences, and individual words. You may ask: how am I going to revise paragraphs? Well, I'd say a paragraph is not arbitrarily formed. It should revolve around an idea, a theme. Let me tell you one way to revise paragraphs: isolate a paragraph at a time, and make sure it runs smoothly and is not merely a bunch of unrelated statements put together. As for revision of sentences and words, most essay writers pile on one long sentence after another.
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Well, I'd suggest you avoid this by breaking up some of the longer sentences to provide variety. Use short sentences to make important points, and long sentences to explain complex ideas. Also try to use a variety of sentence structures to maintain reader interest. Eliminate sentences that sound awkward when read aloud. For diction, a very important tip is to eliminate imprecise or wordy language. For example, use although instead of despite the fact that; try to add vigor to your writing by removing cliches, and use fresh and interesting descriptions. Try to write as much as possible with nouns and verbs than primarily with adjectives that slow the pace and reduce impact. Similarly, right in the active, not the passive voice.
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Now let me just repeat what I have said today. Revision is important. When you revise your draft as a whole, pay attention to content, organization and length. But don't forget to revise your essay in detail. Revision of sentences and words can also make the essay more interesting to readers.

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
irrelevant [i'relivənt]


adj. 涓嶆伆褰撶殑锛屾棤鍏崇郴鐨勶紝涓嶇浉骞茬殑

revolve [ri'vɔlv]


v. 鏃嬭浆锛岃冭檻锛屽惊鐜

evidence ['evidəns]


n. 鏍规嵁锛岃瘉鎹
v. 璇佸疄锛岃瘉鏄

outline ['əutlain]


n. 杞粨锛屽ぇ绾
vt. 姒傝堪锛岀敾鍑鸿疆寤

adhere [əd'hiə]


vi. 鍧氬畧浜庯紝瀵 ... 蹇犺礊锛岀揣鎶撶潃锛岄伒瀹

revise [ri'vaiz]


n. 鏍¤锛屼慨姝o紝鍐嶆牎绋
v. 鏍¤锛屼慨姝o紝鏍

smoothly [smu:ðli]


adv. 骞虫粦鍦帮紝娴佺晠鍦

theme [θi:m]


n. 棰樼洰锛屼富棰

variety [və'raiəti]


n. 澶氭牱锛岀绫伙紝鏉傝

lengthy ['leŋθi]


adj. 鍐楅暱鐨勶紝婕暱鐨



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    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡2.鎼滅储寰俊鍙ikekenet娣诲姞鍗崇绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-銆