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甘肃快三开奖公告—官方网址22270.COM鈥2018骞磋嫳璇笓涓氬洓绾у惉鍔涚湡棰 瀵硅瘽2

鏉ユ簮:绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫 缂栬緫:Melody 锘  VIP鍏嶈垂澶栨暀璇曞惉璇 |  绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊:ikekenet
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Conversation Two

瀵硅瘽2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on Conversation Two.
鏍规嵁瀵硅瘽2鍥炵瓟绗6棰樺埌绗10棰
W: Hello, and welcome to today's program. I'm Alice.
濂筹細澶у濂斤紝娆㈣繋鏉ュ埌浠婂ぉ鐨勮妭鐩甘肃快三开奖公告—官方网址22270.COM鎴戞槸鐖变附涓濄
M: And I'm Jack. Hello.
鐢凤細鎴戞槸鏉板厠銆傚ぇ瀹跺ソ銆
W: Hello, Jack. You're off on holiday tomorrow, aren't you?
甘肃快三开奖公告—官方网址22270.COM濂筹細浣犲ソ锛屾澃鍏嬨備綘鏄庡ぉ浼戝亣锛屾槸鍚楋紵
M: I am and you know, and I'm dreading it. I hate flying!
甘肃快三开奖公告—官方网址22270.COM鐢凤細鏄殑锛屼綘鐭ラ亾锛屾垜寰堝鎬曘傛垜璁ㄥ帉鍧愰鏈猴紒
W: Do you? I didn't know you had a phobia鈥 and that means a strong and unreasonable fear of something.
濂筹細鏄悧锛熸垜涓嶇煡閬撲綘鏈夋亹鎯х棁鈥斺斿氨鏄鏌愮浜嬬墿寮虹儓鑰屼笉鍚堢悊鐨勬亹鎯с
M: Well, I don't think this is a phobia because it isn't unreasonable. Flying thousands of feet up in the sky, you know, that's not safe!
鐢凤細鍡紝鎴戜笉璁や负杩欐槸鎭愭儳鐥囷紝鍥犱负瀹冨苟闈炴病鏈夐亾鐞嗐備綘鐭ラ亾锛屽湪鍑犲崈鑻卞昂鐨勯珮绌洪琛屽緢涓嶅畨鍏紒
W: Flying is safer than you think, Jack. It's much riskier to drive or cycle to work. And, actually, risk taking is the subject of today's show!
濂筹細涔橀鏈烘瘮浣犳兂璞″緱瑕佸畨鍏紝鏉板厠銆傚紑杞︽垨楠戣溅涓婄彮椋庨櫓鏇村ぇ銆傚啋闄╋紒灏辨槸浠婂ぉ鑺傜洰鐨勪富棰橈紒
Risk means the chances of something bad happening. For example, did you know that your chance of being knocked off your bicycle and killed during a one-mile journey is the same as your chances of winning the lottery?
椋庨櫓鏄寚鍙戠敓鍧忎簨鐨勭绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳芥с備緥濡傦紝浣犵煡閬撲竴鑻遍噷涔嬪唴浣犻獞鑷杞﹁鎾炲掓挒姝荤殑鍑犵巼鍜屼綘涓僵绁ㄧ殑鍑犵巼鏄竴鏍峰ぇ鐨勫悧锛
M: I didn't know that.
鐢凤細鎴戜笉鐭ラ亾銆
W: Can you guess what are the chances of either of these two things happening?
濂筹細浣犺兘鐚滃埌杩欎袱绉嶆儏鍐靛彂鐢熺殑姒傜巼鏄灏戝悧锛
M: I have no idea. One in a million?
鐢凤細鎴戜笉鐭ラ亾銆備竴鐧句竾鍒嗕箣涓鍚楋紵
W: No, it's one in 14 million. You are as likely to win the national lottery from a single ticket as you are to be knocked off your bicycle and killed during a one-mile journey.
濂筹細涓嶏紝鏄1鍗4鐧句竾鍒嗕箣涓銆備綘涓叏鍥藉僵绁ㄥご濂栫殑绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳芥у氨鍍忎竴鑻遍噷涔嬪唴浣犻獞鑷杞﹁鎾炲掓挒姝荤殑绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳芥т竴鏍峰ぇ銆
M: But why are we bad at assessing risk?
鐢凤細浣嗘槸涓轰粈涔堟垜浠笉鍠勪簬璇勪及椋庨櫓鍛紵
W: People typically fear anything which is small probability but it's extremely catastrophic if it were to happen鈥
濂筹細閫氬父浜轰滑瀹虫曠殑閮芥槸鍙戠敓鐨勭绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳芥у緢灏忥紝浣嗗鏋滃彂鐢熺殑璇濓紝灏嗕細鏄竴鍦虹伨闅剧殑浜嬫儏鈥︹
Recently we have another increase in these birds' virus outbreaks. People read about that.
鏈杩戣繖浜涢笩绫荤梾姣掔垎鍙戜簨浠跺張澧炲姞浜嗐傚ぇ瀹堕兘鐭ラ亾杩欎簺銆
And they may pay a lot of attention to that in the news but they may forget to get their flu shot.
浠栦滑绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳戒細鍦ㄦ柊闂讳腑娉ㄦ剰鍒拌繖涓鐐癸紝浣嗕粬浠绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳戒細蹇樿娉ㄥ皠娴佹劅鐤嫍銆
M: That's right. We tend to worry about big or catastrophic events such as catching bird flu or dying in a plane crash because we react emotionally to them.
甘肃快三开奖公告—官方网址22270.COM鐢凤細瀵广傛垜浠惧悜浜庢媴蹇冮噸澶ф垨鐏鹃毦鎬х殑浜嬩欢锛屽鎰熸煋绂芥祦鎰熸垨椋炴満澶变簨浼や骸锛屽洜涓烘垜浠儏缁笂浼氬瀹冧滑浜х敓鍙嶅簲銆
W: Yeah. Catastrophic events feel like very real threats, while we tend to forget about the small but chronic risks that become more likely over time.
濂筹細鏄殑銆傜伨闅炬х殑浜嬩欢鎰熻璧锋潵鏄潪甯哥湡瀹炵殑濞佽儊锛岃屾垜浠線寰浼氬繕璁伴偅浜涢殢鐫鏃堕棿鐨勬帹绉诲彉寰楁洿鏈夌绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳藉彂鐢熺殑锛屽皬鑰岄暱鏈熺殑椋庨櫓銆
M: We do. So for example, what if there was a cigarette that killed you as soon as you smoked it?
鐢凤細鏄殑銆備妇涓緥瀛愶紝濡傛灉鏈変竴鏍圭儫锛屼綘涓鎶藉畬灏变細姝伙紝浼氬嚭鐜颁粈涔堟牱鐨勬儏鍐碉紵
Nobody would do that, would they?
娌℃湁浜轰細閭f牱鍋氾紝瀵逛笉瀵癸紵
W: No, they wouldn't.
甘肃快三开奖公告—官方网址22270.COM濂筹細瀵癸紝娌℃湁浜轰細閭f牱鍋氥
M: But plenty of people are happy to smoke for years, and put off worrying about the health risks for the future.
鐢凤細浣嗘槸寰堝浜哄緢涔愭剰鍚哥儫寰堝骞达紝骞舵病鏈夋媴蹇冩湭鏉ョ绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳藉嚭鐜扮殑鍋ュ悍椋庨櫓銆
W: Yes, that's a good point, Jack! People feel they are in control of risks that stretch over time. You know, they think, "I could stop tomorrow" or "I could smoke less".
濂筹細鏄殑锛岃寰楀ソ锛屾澃鍏嬶紒闅忕潃鏃堕棿鐨勬帹绉伙紝浜轰滑瑙夊緱浠栦滑鑳藉鎺у埗浣忛闄┿甘肃快三开奖公告—官方网址22270.COM浣犵煡閬擄紝浠栦滑浼氭兂锛屸滄垜鏄庡ぉ绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-浠ュ仠涓嬫潵鈥濇垨鑰呪滄垜绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-浠ュ皯鎶界儫鈥濄
But what about people who really enjoy taking big risks鈥攖hose thrill seekers out there?
浣嗘槸閭d簺鐪熸鍠滄鍐掗櫓鐨勪汉鈥斺旈偅浜涘姹傚埡婵鐨勪汉鍛紵
M: People who enjoy extreme sports actually seek out danger鈥攊t gives them extreme pleasure!
鐢凤細鍠滄鏋侀檺杩愬姩鐨勪汉瀹為檯涓婃槸鍦ㄥ鎵惧嵄闄╋紝閭g粰浜嗕粬浠瀬澶х殑涔愯叮锛
If the risk is really high, it means that the pleasure needs to be equally high, or hopefully even higher鈥
濡傛灉椋庨櫓鐪熺殑寰堥珮锛岄偅灏辨剰鍛崇潃鍏朵腑涔愯叮闇瑕佸悓鏍烽珮锛岀敋鑷虫洿楂樷︹
W: You're right.
甘肃快三开奖公告—官方网址22270.COM濂筹細浣犺鐨勫銆
Questions 6 to 10 are based on Conversation Two.
璇锋牴鎹璇2鍥炵瓟绗6鍒10棰樸
6. According to Alice, what is a phobia?
6. 鏍规嵁鐖变附涓濈殑璇存硶锛屼粈涔堟槸鎭愭儳鐥囷紵
7. What are the chances of getting knocked off one's bicycle and killed in a one-mile journey?
7. 涓鑻遍噷涔嬪唴楠戣嚜琛岃溅琚挒鍊掓挒姝荤殑绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳芥ф湁澶氬ぇ锛
8. What kind of event do people tend to worry about?
8. 浜轰滑浼氭媴蹇冧粈涔堟牱鐨勪簨鎯咃紵
9. Which may involve a chronic risk?
9. 鍝竴椤圭绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳芥秹鍙婃參鎬ч闄╋紵
10. Why do some people enjoy risks?
10. 涓轰粈涔堟湁浜涗汉鍠滄鍐掗櫓锛

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
extreme [ik'stri:m]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鏋佸害鐨勶紝鏋佺鐨
n. 鏋佺锛屾瀬闄

 
unreasonable [ʌn'ri:znəbl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 涓嶅悎鐞嗙殑锛岃繃搴︾殑锛屼笉鍒囧疄闄呯殑

 
chronic ['krɔnik]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 闀挎湡鐨勶紝鎱㈡х殑锛屾儻甯哥殑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
react [ri'ækt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 浣滃嚭鍙嶅簲
vi. 璧峰弽搴旓紝璧蜂綔鐢紝鍙嶆敾

鑱旀兂璁板繂
control [kən'trəul]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍏嬪埗锛屾帶鍒讹紝绠″埗锛屾搷浣滆缃
vt. 鎺у埗

 
virus ['vaiərəs]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鐥呮瘨锛岀梾鍘熶綋

 
tend [tend]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 瓒嬪悜锛屾槗浜庯紝鐓ф枡锛屾姢鐞

 
plane [plein]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 骞崇殑锛屼笌椋炴満鏈夊叧鐨
n. 椋炴満锛屾按骞

 
lottery ['lɔtəri]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 褰╃エ

鑱旀兂璁板繂
extremely [iks'tri:mli]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adv. 鏋佸叾锛岄潪甯

鑱旀兂璁板繂

鏂颁笢鏂逛笓涓氬洓绾em4缃戠粶璇剧▼:璇曞惉鏇村Tem4缃戠粶璇剧▼>>

鍙戝竷璇勮鎴戞潵璇2鍙

    绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫瀹樻柟寰俊(寰俊鍙:ikekenet)

    姣忓ぉ鍚戝ぇ瀹舵帹閫佺煭灏忕簿鎮嶇殑鑻辫瀛︿範璧勬枡.

    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡1.鎵弿涓婃柟绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊浜岀淮鐮併
    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡2.鎼滅储寰俊鍙ikekenet娣诲姞鍗崇绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-銆