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快三和值软件分析—官方网址22270.COM鈥2017骞磋冪爺鑻辫(浜)鐪熼绗4绡 The Human Connection With Fire

鏉ユ簮:绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫 缂栬緫:villa 锘  VIP鍏嶈垂澶栨暀璇曞惉璇 |  绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊:ikekenet
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鍔犺浇涓..

Though often viewed as a problem for western states,

灏界鏃ョ泭棰戝彂鐨勯噹鐏父琚涓鸿タ閮ㄥ窞鐨勯棶棰橈紝
the growing frequency of wildfires is a national concern because of its impact on federal tax dollars,
浣嗙敱浜庡畠瀵硅仈閭︾◣鏀剁殑宸ㄥぇ褰卞搷锛岀洰鍓嶅凡鎴愪负涓浠朵妇鍥藉叧鍒囦箣浜嬶紝
says Professor Max Moritz, a specialist in fire ecology and management.
鏋楃伀鐢熸佷笌娑堥槻绠$悊涓撳椹厠鎬澛疯帿閲岃尐琛ㄧず銆
In 2015, the US Forest Service for the first time spent more than half of its $5.5 billion annual budget fighting fires,
缇庡浗鏋楀姟灞姣忓勾鐢ㄤ簬闃茬伀鐨勯绠楁槸55浜跨編鍏冿紝2015骞村畠鐨勯槻鐏垂鐢ㄩ娆¤秴杩囦簡杩欎釜棰勭畻鐨勪竴鍗婏紝
nearly double the percentage it spent on such efforts 20 years ago.
鍑犱箮鏄簩鍗佸勾鍓嶅湪杩欐柟闈㈡敮鍑烘瘮渚嬬殑涓鍊嶃
In effect, fewer federal funds today are going towards the agency's other work,
浜嬪疄涓婏紝鐜板湪鐢ㄤ簬璇ユ満鏋勫叾浠栧伐浣滅殑鑱旈偊鍩洪噾鍑忓皯浜嗭紝
such as forest conservation, watershed and cultural resources management, and infrastructure upkeep
璇稿妫灄淇濇姢銆侀泦姘村尯鍙婃枃鍖栬祫婧愮鐞嗕互鍙婂熀纭璁炬柦鐨勭淮鎶わ紝
that affect the lives of all Americans.
快三和值软件分析—官方网址22270.COM杩欎簺宸ヤ綔褰卞搷浜嗘墍鏈夌編鍥戒汉鐨勭敓娲汇
Another nationwide concern is whether public funds from other agencies are going into construction in fire-prone districts.
鍙︿竴浠朵妇鍥藉叧鍒囦箣浜嬫槸锛屾潵鑷叾浠栨満鏋勭殑鍏叡鍩洪噾鏄惁灏嗙敤浜庣伀鐏炬槗鍙戝尯鐨勫缓璁俱
As Moritz puts it, how often are federal dollars building homes that are likely to be lost to a wildfire?
姝e鑾噷鑼ㄦ暀鎺堟墍璇达紝鐢ㄤ簬寤鸿瀹跺洯鐨勮仈閭﹁祫閲戠绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳戒細琚悶娌″埌鐏伨涓殑棰戠巼濡備綍锛
"It's already a huge problem from a public expenditure perspective for the whole country," he says."
浠栬锛氣滀粠鍏叡鏀嚭鐨勮搴︽潵鐪嬶紝杩欏鏁翠釜鍥藉鏉ヨ宸茬粡鏄竴涓法澶х殑闅鹃鈥濓紝
We need to take a magnifying glass to that.
瀵规锛屾垜浠渶瑕佺敤鏀惧ぇ闀滄潵鐪嬭繖涓棶棰樸
Like, "Wait a minute, is this OK?"
姣斿璇达紝绛変竴涓嬶紝鈥樿繖鏍峰仛绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-琛屽悧锛熲
"Do we want instead to redirect those funds to concentrate on lower-hazard parts of the landscape?"
杩樻槸鎴戜滑杞屾兂瑕佹妸閭d簺璧勬湰鏀归亾鐢ㄤ簬鍦版櫙鐨勪綆椋庨櫓鍖哄煙鍛紵
Such a view would require a corresponding shift in the way US society today views fire, researchers say.
鐮旂┒鑰呰锛岃繖鏍风殑瑙傚康闇瑕佸綋浠婄編鍥界ぞ浼氬湪鐪嬪緟鐏伨鐨勬柟寮忎笂鍋氬嚭鐩稿簲鐨勬敼鍙樸
For one thing, conversations about wildfires need to be more inclusive.
棣栧厛锛屾湁鍏崇伀鐏剧殑浼氳皥搴旇鏇村叿鍖呭鎬с
Over the past decade, the focus has been on climate change,
鍦ㄨ繃鍘荤殑鍗佸勾锛屼汉浠殑鍏虫敞鐐逛竴鐩撮兘鍦ㄦ皵鍊欏彉鍖栦笂锛
how the warming of the Earth from greenhouse gases is leading to conditions that worsen fires.
鍗筹紝婧愪簬娓╁姘斾綋鐨勫湴鐞冨彉鏆栧浣曡鍙戠伀鐏炬伓鍖栫殑鐜銆
While climate is a key element, Moritz says, it shouldn't come at the expense of the rest of the equation.
鑾噷鑼ㄦ暀鎺堣锛屽敖绠℃皵鍊欐槸涓涓叧閿洜绱狅紝浣嗘槸涓嶈兘浠ョ壓鐗插叾浠栧奖鍝嶅洜绱犱负浠d环銆
"The human systems and the landscapes we live on are linked, and the interactions go both ways," he says.
浠栬锛氣滀汉绫荤郴缁熶笌鎴戜滑璧栦互鐢熷瓨鐨勫湴鏅槸鐩镐簰鑱旂郴鐨勶紝鑰屼笖杩欑鐩镐簰鑱旂郴鏄弻鍚戠殑鈥濓紝
Failing to recognize that, he notes, leads to "an overly simplified view of what the solutions might be.
快三和值软件分析—官方网址22270.COM涓嶈兘璁よ瘑鍒拌繖涓鐐瑰氨浼氬鑷粹滄垜浠浜庣绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳芥цВ鍐虫帾鏂界殑鐪嬫硶杩囦簬绠鍗曞寲銆
Our perception of the problem and of what the solution is becomes very limited."
快三和值软件分析—官方网址22270.COM鎴戜滑瀵归棶棰樼殑璁よ瘑浠ュ強瀵归棶棰樿В鍐冲姙娉曠殑璁よ瘑鍙樺緱鏋佸叾鏈夐檺銆
At the same time, people continue to treat fire as an event that needs to be wholly controlled and unleashed only out of necessity,
涓庢鍚屾椂锛屼汉浠粛鏃ф妸鐏伨瑙嗕负闇瑕佸叏闈㈡帶鍒朵笖鍙湁鍦ㄥ繀瑕佷箣鏃舵墠闇瑕侀噴鏀剧殑浜嬩欢锛
says Professor Balch at the University of Colorado.
快三和值软件分析—官方网址22270.COM绉戠綏鎷夊澶у鐨勯矋灏斿鏁欐巿璇淬
But acknowledging fire's inevitable presence in human life
鐒惰岋紝鎵胯鐏伨鍦ㄤ汉绫荤敓娲讳腑鐨勫繀鐒跺瓨鍦ㄨ繖涓鎬佸害锛
is an attitude, crucial to developing the laws, policies, and practices that make it as safe as possible, she says.
快三和值软件分析—官方网址22270.COM瀵逛簬鍒跺畾纭繚鐏伨灏界绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳藉畨鍏ㄧ殑娉曞緥銆佹斂绛栦互鍙婃儻渚嬫墠鏄嚦鍏抽噸瑕佺殑锛屽ス濡傛槸璇撮亾銆
"We've disconnected ourselves from living with fire," Balch says.
椴嶅皵濂囨暀鎺堣锛屸滄垜浠凡缁忔妸鎴戜滑鑷繁涓庣伀鐏惧墺绂诲紑鏉ワ紝
"It is really important to understand and try and tease out what is the human connection with fire today."
快三和值软件分析—官方网址22270.COM鐞嗚В骞跺敖鍔涙⒊鐞嗕汉绫诲綋浠婁笌鐏伨鐨勫叧绯昏嚦鍏抽噸瑕併

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
impact ['impækt,im'pækt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍐插嚮(鍔), 鍐茬獊锛屽奖鍝(鍔)
vt.

鑱旀兂璁板繂
crucial ['kru:ʃəl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍏抽敭鐨勶紝鍐冲畾鎬х殑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
perspective [pə'spektiv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 杩滄櫙锛岀湅娉曪紝閫忚
adj. 閫忚鐨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
perception [pə'sepʃən]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鎰熺煡锛岃璇嗭紝瑙傚康

 
greenhouse ['gri:nhaus]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 娓╁锛屾殩鎴

 
limited ['limitid]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鏈夐檺鐨勶紝琚檺鍒剁殑
鍔ㄨ瘝limit鐨勮繃

 
disconnected [,diskə'nektid]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍒嗙鐨勶紱鏃犵郴缁熺殑锛涗笉杩炶疮鐨 v. 鍒嗙锛坉is

 
conservation [.kɔnsə:'veiʃən]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 淇濆瓨锛岄槻姝㈡祦澶憋紝瀹堟亽锛屼繚鎶よ嚜鐒惰祫婧

鑱旀兂璁板繂
recognize ['rekəgnaiz]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 璁ゅ嚭锛岃绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-锛屾壙璁わ紝鎰忚瘑鍒帮紝琛ㄧず鎰熸縺

 
shift [ʃift]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 浜ゆ崲锛屽彉鍖栵紝绉诲姩锛屾帴鐝
v. 鏇存浛锛岀Щ

 

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