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Biologists estimate that as many as 2 million lesser prairie chickens 鈥 a kind of bird living on stretching grasslands 鈥 once lent red to the often gray landscape of the midwestern and southwestern United States.

鐢熺墿瀛﹀浼拌缇庡浗涓タ閮ㄥ拰瑗垮崡閮ㄧ殑骞胯ⅳ鑽夊師涓婃浘鐢熸椿鐫澶氳揪200涓囧彧鐨勫皬鑽夊師鏉鹃浮锛岃繖浜涚孩鑹茬殑灏忚崏鍘熸澗楦′负鐏拌挋钂欑殑鑽夊師椋庤矊澧炴坊浜嗗嚑鍒嗙孩鑹炽
But just some 22,000 birds remain today, occupying about 16% of the species' historic range.
快三直播视频下载—官方网址22270.COM浣嗗浠婂皬鑽夊師鏉鹃浮鐨勭幇瀛樻暟閲忓彧鏈夊ぇ绾22,000鍙紝鍏舵爾鎭湴鑼冨洿浠呮湁杩囧幓鐨16%閭d箞澶с
The crash was a major reason the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service(USFWS) decided to formally list the bird as threatened.
灏忚崏鍘熸澗楦℃暟閲忕殑閿愬噺鏄績浣跨編鍥介奔绫诲強閲庣敓鍔ㄦ鐗╃鐞嗗眬锛圲SFWS锛夊喅瀹氭寮忓皢鍏跺垪涓衡滃彈鍒板▉鑳佲濈墿绉嶇殑涓昏鍘熷洜銆
"The lesser prairie chicken is in a desperate situation," said USFWS Director Daniel Ashe.
璇ョ鐞嗗眬灞闀夸腹灏煎皵路闃夸粈璇达細鈥滃皬鑽夊師鏉鹃浮澶勫鍗佸垎鍫咖銆傗
Some environmentalists, however, were disappointed.
快三直播视频下载—官方网址22270.COM鐒惰岋紝涓浜涚幆淇濅富涔夎呭嵈瀵规鎰熷埌澶辨湜銆
They had pushed the agency to designate the bird as "endangered," a status that gives federal officials greater regulatory power to crack down on threats.
鍥犱负浠栦滑涓鐩存暒淇冭绠$悊灞灏嗚繖绉嶉笩绫诲垪涓衡滄繏鍗扁濈墿绉嶏紝杩欐牱鐨勮瘽灏辫兘璁╄仈閭﹀畼鍛樻湁鏇村ぇ鐨勭洃绠℃潈鏉ユ墦鍑诲▉鑳佽鐗╃鐨勮涓恒
But Ashe and others argued that the "threatened" tag gave the federal government flexibility to try out new, potentially less confrontational conservations approaches.
快三直播视频下载—官方网址22270.COM浣嗘槸闃夸粈鍜屽叾浠栦汉绉帮紝鈥滃彈鍒板▉鑳佲濊繖涓鏍囩璁╄仈閭︽斂搴滆兘澶熺伒娲诲湴灏濊瘯鏂扮殑涓斿彂鐢熷啿绐佺绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-鑳芥ф洿灏忕殑淇濇姢鎺柦銆
In particular, they called for forging closer collaborations with western state governments, which are often uneasy with federal action and with the private landowners who control an estimated 95% of the prairie chicken's habitat.
鐗瑰埆鍦帮紝浠栦滑鍛煎悂鑱旈偊鏀垮簻涓庤タ閮ㄥ悇宸炴斂搴滆繘琛屾洿绱у瘑鐨勫悎浣滐紝鍥犱负杩欎簺宸炴斂搴滃父甯稿鑱旈偊鏀垮簻鐨勪妇鎺劅鍒颁笉瀹夈傚悓鏃惰仈閭︽斂搴滀篃瑕佸拰鍦熷湴鎵鏈夎呰繘琛岀揣瀵嗗悎浣滐紝杩欎簺浜烘帶鍒剁潃绾95%鐨勫皬鑽夊師鏉鹃浮鏍栨伅鍦般
Under the plan, for example, the agency said it would not prosecute landowner or businesses that unintentionally kill, harm, or disturb the bird, as long as they had signed a range鈥攚ide management plan to restore prairie chicken habitat.
渚嬪锛屾牴鎹竴椤硅鍒掞紝璇ョ鐞嗗眬绉板叾涓嶄細璧疯瘔閭d簺闈炴晠鎰忓湴鏉姝汇佷激瀹虫垨骞叉壈灏忚崏鍘熸澗楦$殑鍦熷湴鎵鏈夎呮垨浼佷笟锛屽墠鎻愭槸浠栦滑宸茬粡绛剧讲浜嗕竴椤硅鐩栧叏閮ㄦ爾鎭湴鐨勭鐞嗚鍒掓潵淇灏忚崏鍘熸澗楦$殑鏍栨伅鍦般
Negotiated by USFWS and the states, the plan requires individuals and businesses that damage habitat as part of their operations to pay into a fund to replace every acre destroyed with 2 new acres of suitable habitat.
璇ヨ鍒掔敱USFWS鍜岃タ閮ㄥ悇宸炲崗鍟嗗埗瀹氾紝瀹冭姹傚洜缁忚惀闇瑕佽岀牬鍧忔爾鎭湴鐨勪釜浜哄拰浼佷笟鍚戜竴涓熀閲戞敮浠樼綒娆撅紝姣忔湁涓鑻变憨鏍栨伅鍦伴伃鍒扮牬鍧忥紝璇ュ熀閲戝氨浼氳喘涔颁袱鑻变憨鏂扮殑鏍栨伅鍦版潵灏嗗叾鏇挎崲銆
The fund will also be used to compensate landowners who set aside habitat, USFWS also set an interim goal of restoring prairie chicken populations to an annual average of 67,000 birds over the next 10 years.
璇ュ熀閲戜篃浼氳鐢ㄤ簬琛ュ伩閭d簺涓诲姩鐣欏嚭鏍栨伅鍦扮殑鍦熷湴鎵鏈夎呫快三直播视频下载—官方网址22270.COMUSFWS涔熻瀹氫簡涓涓腑鏈熺洰鏍囷紝鍗冲湪鏈潵鍗佸勾锛屽皢灏忚崏鍘熸澗楦$殑鏁伴噺鎭㈠鍒板钩鍧囨瘡骞67,000鍙殑姘村钩銆
And it gives the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA), a coalition of state agencies, the job of monitoring progress.
骞朵笖璇ョ鐞嗗眬灏嗙洃鐫g洰鏍囧疄鏂借繘绋嬬殑浠诲姟浜ょ粰浜嗚タ閮ㄩ奔绫诲強閲庣敓鍔ㄦ鐗╃鐞嗗眬鍗忎細锛岃鍗忎細鏄タ閮ㄥ悇宸為奔绫诲強閲庣敓鍔ㄦ鐗╃鐞嗗眬鐨勮仈鍚堜綋銆
Overall, the idea is to let "states" remain in the driver's seat for managing the species," Ashe said.
鎬讳箣锛岄樋浠绉帮細鈥滆璁″垝鐨勭洰鐨勬槸璁┾滃悇宸炩濊礋璐g鐞嗗皬鑽夊師鏉鹃浮銆傗
Not everyone buys the win-win rhetoric.
骞朵笉鏄墍鏈変汉閮戒拱杩欎釜榧撳惞鍙岃耽璁″垝鐨勮处銆
Some Congress members are trying to block the plan,
涓浜涘浗浼氳鍛樻璇曞浘闃绘璇ヨ鍒掞紝
and at least a dozen industry groups, four states, and three environmental groups are challenging it in federal court.
快三直播视频下载—官方网址22270.COM姝ゅ锛岃嚦灏戞湁鍗佷簩涓涓氶泦鍥€佸洓涓窞鍜屼笁涓幆淇濈粍缁囧皢鍚戣仈閭︽硶闄㈣捣璇夋潵鎾ら攢杩欎釜璁″垝銆
Not surprisingly, industry groups and states generally argue it goes too far; environmentalists say it doesn't go far enough.
琛屼笟闆嗗洟鍜屽窞鏀垮簻璁や负璇ヨ鍒掔殑鎺柦澶繃鐏簡锛涜岀幆淇濅富涔夎呭嵈璇磋璁″垝鍋氬緱杩樹笉澶燂紝杩欎竴鐐规涓嶅鎬
"The federal government is giving responsibility for managing the bird to the same industries that are pushing it to extinction," says biologist Jay Lininger.
鐢熺墿瀛﹀鏉颁紛路鍒╁畞鏍艰锛氣滆仈閭︽斂搴滆繖鏄妸绠$悊灏忚崏鍘熸澗楦$殑璐d换浜ょ粰閭d簺姝f妸瀹冩帹鍚戠伃缁濈殑琛屼笟銆傗

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
species ['spi:ʃiz]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 锛堝崟澶嶅悓锛夌墿绉嶏紝绉嶇被

 
crack [kræk]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 宕╂簝锛屽け鍘绘帶鍒讹紝鍘嬬锛屼娇瑁傚紑锛岀牬瑙o紝寮鐜╃瑧

鑱旀兂璁板繂
overall [əuvə'rɔ:l]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍏ㄩ儴鐨勶紝鍏ㄤ綋鐨勶紝涓鍒囧湪鍐呯殑
adv.

 
disturb [dis'tə:b]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 鎵颁贡锛屽Θ纰嶏紝浣 ... 涓嶅畨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
particular [pə'tikjulə]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鐗规畩鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鐨勶紝鐗瑰畾鐨勶紝鎸戝墧鐨
n.

鑱旀兂璁板繂
prosecute ['prɔsikju:t]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 瀵 ... 鎻愯捣鍏瘔锛屽交搴曡繘琛岋紝杩芥崟锛岀粡钀ワ紝浠庝簨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
association [ə.səusi'eiʃən]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鑱斿悎锛岀粨鍚堬紝浜ゅ線锛屽崗浼氾紝绀惧洟锛岃仈鎯

鑱旀兂璁板繂
potentially [pə'tenʃəli]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adv. 娼滃湪鍦

 
range [reindʒ]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鑼冨洿锛岃鍒楋紝灏勭▼锛屽北鑴夛紝涓绯诲垪
v. 鎺

 
challenging ['tʃælindʒiŋ]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 澶ц儐鐨(澶嶆潅鐨勶紝鏈夊墠閫旂殑锛屾寫鎴樼殑) n. 澶嶆潅

 

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    绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫瀹樻柟寰俊(寰俊鍙:ikekenet)

    姣忓ぉ鍚戝ぇ瀹舵帹閫佺煭灏忕簿鎮嶇殑鑻辫瀛︿範璧勬枡.

    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡1.鎵弿涓婃柟绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊浜岀淮鐮併
    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡2.鎼滅储寰俊鍙ikekenet娣诲姞鍗崇绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-銆