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鎮ㄧ幇鍦ㄧ殑浣嶇疆锛 棣栭〉 > 鑻辫鍚姏 > 鑻辫婕旇 > TED婕旇MP3+瀛楀箷 > TED婕旇涔嬪浗闄呴棶棰樼瘒 > 姝f枃

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鏉ユ簮:绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫 缂栬緫:max 锘  VIP鍏嶈垂澶栨暀璇曞惉璇 |  绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊:ikekenet
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鍔犺浇涓..

And all things being equal, older people direct their cognitive resources,

鍦ㄥ悓绛夋潯浠朵笅锛岃佸勾浜轰細灏嗚嚜宸辩殑璁ょ煡璧勬簮锛
like attention and memory, to positive information more than negative.
姣斿娉ㄦ剰鍔涘拰璁板繂鍔涳紝鏇村鍦板鍚戠Н鏋佷俊鎭紝鑰屼笉鏄秷鏋佷俊鎭
If we show older, middle-aged, younger people images, like the ones you see on the screen,
鎴戜滑鍚戣佸勾缁勩佷腑骞寸粍鍜岄潚骞寸粍灞曠ず鍥惧儚锛屾濡備綘浠湪灞忓箷涓婄湅鍒扮殑锛
and we later ask them to recall all the images that they can,
杩囧悗鎴戜滑璁╀粬浠洖蹇嗕粬浠湅鍒扮殑鍥惧儚锛
older people, but not younger people, remember more positive images than negative images.
鑰佸勾缁勶紝鑰岄潪闈掑勾缁勶紝璁板緱鐨勭Н鏋佸浘鍍忓杩囨秷鏋佸浘鍍忋
We've asked older and younger people to view faces in laboratory studies, some frowning, some smiling.
全能必中快三计划—官方网址22270.COM鎴戜滑璁╄佸勾缁勫拰闈掑勾缁勫幓鐪嬪疄楠屽鐮旂┒鎵鐢ㄧ殑鑴搁儴琛ㄦ儏锛屼竴浜涚毐鐪夈佷竴浜涘井绗戙
Older people look toward the smiling faces and away from the frowning, angry faces.
鑰佸勾缁勭湅鍚戝井绗戠殑鑴革紝鑰屽洖閬跨毐鐪夌殑銆佹劋鎬掔殑鑴搞
In day-to-day life, this translates into greater enjoyment and satisfaction.
鍦ㄦ棩甯哥敓娲讳腑锛岃繖杞崲鎴愭洿澶х殑涔愯叮浠ュ強婊¤冻銆

鑰佸勾浜烘洿蹇箰

But as social scientists, we continue to ask about possible alternatives.

浣嗕綔涓虹ぞ浼氬瀹讹紝鎴戜滑缁х画闂槸鍚︽湁鍏朵粬绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑳姐
We've said, well, maybe older people report more positive emotions because they're cognitively impaired.
涔熻鑰佸勾浜烘姤鍛婃洿澶氱殑绉瀬鎰熷彈鏄洜涓轰粬浠鐭ユ満鑳藉彈鎹熴
We've said, could it be that positive emotions are simply easier to process than negative emotions,
浼氫笉浼氱Н鏋佹儏缁瘮娑堟瀬鎯呯华鏇存槗澶勭悊锛
and so you switch to the positive emotions?
鎵浠ヤ粬浠洿鍊惧悜浜庣Н鏋佹儏缁紵
Maybe our neural centers in our brain are degraded such that we're unable to process negative emotions anymore.
涔熻鎴戜滑鑴戝唴鐨勭缁忕郴缁熼鍖栦簡锛屼互鑷存棤娉曞鐞嗘秷鏋佹儏缁
But that's not the case. The most mentally sharp older adults are the ones who show this positivity effect the most.
全能必中快三计划—官方网址22270.COM浣嗕簨瀹炲苟闈炲姝ゃ傝佸勾缁勯噷鎬濈淮鏈鏁忔嵎鐨勶紝鎭版伆鏄渶绉瀬鐨勩
And under conditions where it really matters, older people do process the negative information just as well as the positive information.
鍦ㄥ叧閿椂鍒昏佸勾浜哄鐞嗘秷鏋佹儏缁拰澶勭悊绉瀬鎯呯华鐨勮兘鍔涙槸涓鏍风殑銆

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
satisfaction [.sætis'fækʃən]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 璧斿伩锛屾弧鎰忥紝濡ュ杽澶勭悊锛屼箰浜嬶紝纭俊

鑱旀兂璁板繂
cognitive ['kɔgnitiv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 璁ょ煡鐨勶紝璁よ瘑鐨勶紝鏈夎璇嗗姏鐨

 
screen [skri:n]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 灞忥紝骞曪紝閾跺箷锛屽睆椋
v. 鏀炬槧锛岄夋嫈锛屾帺

 
social ['səuʃəl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 绀句細鐨勶紝绀句氦鐨
n. 绀句氦鑱氫細

 
negative ['negətiv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍚﹀畾鐨勶紝璐熺殑锛屾秷鏋佺殑
n. 搴曠墖锛岃礋

鑱旀兂璁板繂
switch [switʃ]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 寮鍏筹紝杞崲锛岄灜瀛
v. 杞崲锛屾敼鍙橈紝浜ゆ崲

 
鍙戝竷璇勮鎴戞潵璇2鍙

    鑻辫瀛︿範涓撻

    绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫瀹樻柟寰俊(寰俊鍙:ikekenet)

    姣忓ぉ鍚戝ぇ瀹舵帹閫佺煭灏忕簿鎮嶇殑鑻辫瀛︿範璧勬枡.

    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡1.鎵弿涓婃柟绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊浜岀淮鐮併
    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡2.鎼滅储寰俊鍙ikekenet娣诲姞鍗崇绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-銆