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极速快三计划群—官方网址22270.COM鈥旂粡娴庡浜:閲戣瀺鐣岀殑璁$畻鏈洪潻鍛(1)

鏉ユ簮:缁忔祹瀛︿汉 缂栬緫:Magi 锘  VIP鍏嶈垂澶栨暀璇曞惉璇 |  绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊:ikekenet

Leaders

鏉ユ簮浜庛婄ぞ璁恒嬬増鍧
Masters of the universe
瀹囧畽涓诲鑰
Forget Gordon Gekko. Computers increasingly call the shots in financial markets
蹇樿钁涚櫥路鐩栨煰銆傝秺鏉ヨ秺澶氬湪閲戣瀺甯傚満涓婂彂鍙锋柦浠ょ殑鏄绠楁満
The job of capital markets is to process information so that savings flow to the best projects and firms. That makes high finance sound simple; in reality it is dynamic and intoxicating. It reflects a changing world. Today鈥檚 markets, for instance, are grappling with a trade war and low interest rates. But it also reflects changes within finance, which constantly reinvents itself in a perpetual struggle to gain a competitive edge. As our Briefing reports, the latest revolution is in full swing. Machines are taking control of investing鈥攏ot just the humdrum buying and selling of securities, but also the commanding heights of monitoring the economy and allocating capital.
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financial markets.jpg

Funds run by computers that follow rules set by humans account for 35% of America鈥檚 stockmarket, 60% of institutional equity assets and 60% of trading activity. New artificial-intelligence programs are also writing their own investing rules, in ways their human masters only partly understand. Industries from pizza-delivery to Hollywood are being changed by technology, but finance is unique because it can exert voting power over firms, redistribute wealth and cause mayhem in the economy.

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Because it deals in huge sums, finance has always had the cash to adopt breakthroughs early. The first transatlantic cable, completed in 1866, carried cotton prices between Liverpool and New York. Wall Street analysts were early devotees of spreadsheet software, such as Excel, in the 1980s. Since then, computers have conquered swathes of the financial industry. First to go was the chore of 鈥渆xecuting鈥 buy and sell orders. Visit a trading floor today and you will hear the hum of servers, not the roar of traders. High-frequency trading exploits tiny differences in the prices of similar securities, using a barrage of transactions.
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閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
constantly ['kɔnstəntli]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adv. 涓嶆柇鍦帮紝缁忓父鍦

 
excel [ik'sel]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 瓒呰繃锛屼紭浜
vi. 鑳滃嚭
n

鑱旀兂璁板繂
universe ['ju:nivə:s]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 瀹囧畽锛屼竾鐗╋紝涓栫晫

鑱旀兂璁板繂
understand [.ʌndə'stænd]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 鐞嗚В锛屾噦锛屽惉璇达紝鑾锋倝锛屽皢 ... 鐞嗚В涓猴紝璁や负<

 
exert [ig'zə:t]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 杩愮敤锛屾柦鍔狅紙鍘嬪姏锛屽奖鍝嶇瓑锛

鑱旀兂璁板繂
equity ['ekwəti]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鏉冪泭锛屼骇鏉冿紝(鏃犲浐瀹氬埄鎭殑)鑲$エ锛岃 骞虫硶

鑱旀兂璁板繂
competitive [kəm'petitiv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 绔炰簤鐨勶紝姣旇禌鐨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
unique [ju:'ni:k]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鐙竴鏃犱簩鐨勶紝鐙壒鐨勶紝绋缃曠殑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
institutional [.insti'tju:ʃənəl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍒跺害涓婄殑锛屾儻渚嬬殑锛屾満鏋勭殑

 
revolution [.revə'lu:ʃən]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 闈╁懡锛屾棆杞紝杞暟

鑱旀兂璁板繂
鍙戝竷璇勮鎴戞潵璇2鍙

    鑻辫瀛︿範涓撻

    绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-鑻辫瀹樻柟寰俊(寰俊鍙:ikekenet)

    姣忓ぉ鍚戝ぇ瀹舵帹閫佺煭灏忕簿鎮嶇殑鑻辫瀛︿範璧勬枡.

    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡1.鎵弿涓婃柟绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-绉掔蹇笁 鈥旈椤-瀹樻柟寰俊浜岀淮鐮併
    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡2.鎼滅储寰俊鍙ikekenet娣诲姞鍗崇绉掑揩涓 鈥旈椤-銆